Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

Conditional Sentence Type 1

→ It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Present, will-Future

Example:       If i find her address, I’ll send her an invitation. (with verb)
If i sick,i will see a doctor (with adj)

Conditional Sentence Type 2

→ It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.

Form: if + Simple Past, Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example:       If I kicked that ball, I would hit the window. (with Verb)
If i were healty,i would go with you. (with adj)

Conditional Sentence Type 3

→ It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.

Form: if + Past Perfect, Conditional II (= would + have + Past Participle)

Example:       If I had said it to her, I would have brought her here. (with verb)
if i had been sleepy,i would have slept. (with adj)

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